Despite all modern hygiene measures, regular hand washing remains the oldest, cheapest and most effective way to prevent many infectious diseases. In this article, we will tell you more about hand washing and disinfection.
Good hand hygiene is essential for all of us, and especially for those with weak immune systems: babies, young children, the chronically ill, the elderly, and more.
It is always recommended to apply soap to pre-moistened hands, spreading them on both sides of the palms, between the fingers and under the nails. In this case, rubbing should continue long enough. Experts from the World Health Organization (WHO) recommend singing the cult song “Happy Birthday to you …” twice; about 20 seconds will be sufficient.
Recent studies have proven that water temperature is not important, although it is widely believed that we should wash our hands with hot water. After rinsing your hands with running water, dry them with a dry cloth, preferably a disposable paper towel.
Let’s remember when we should wash our hands:
- before eating and preparing food;
- to cleanse wounds on the body and after caring for the sick;
- after using the toilet;
- after coughing or sneezing;
- after having thrown out the garbage, touched contaminated objects and surfaces (for example, in public transport, taxis, bus stops, waiting rooms);
- after contact with animals, money, household waste, ATMs and others.
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The floors and furniture in our house may look dirty, but usually germs accumulate there, which are not particularly hazardous to health. Good personal hygiene reduces the risk of infections and viral diseases.
Here are some interesting but disturbing facts about hand hygiene:
- Washing hands with soap can prevent 1 million deaths a year;
- Washing hands with soap can reduce up to 50% of indigestion and respiratory infections that kill millions of children every year;
- Mothers who wash their hands with soap can reduce the risk of infant mortality by up to 44%;
- 80% of infectious diseases are transmitted by touch – touching the infected not only with their hands, but also with their mouth, eyes or nose;
- Wet hands are 1000 times more likely to spread bacteria than dry hands;
- However, only 20% of people dry their hands after washing;
An antiseptic for hands is an indispensable tool when it is not possible to wash your hands with water and soap.
How to use an antiseptic correctly:
The hand sanitizer must necessarily cover the entire surface of the skin of the hands, this takes about 3 ml of solution, which equals approximately 24-27 “pshik” pocket antiseptic (with a dispenser), so it is better to unscrew the dispenser and apply 3 ml of the product to your hands.
- You need to process your hands for at least 30 seconds, this is the minimum time, otherwise the microbes can survive.
- A lot of germs and dirt accumulate under the nails, so do not forget about them when processing.
- Use hand cream with frequent use of antiseptics to prevent dry and chapped skin.
- Antiseptics really reduce the number of germs on the hands, but, unfortunately, they are not a panacea for all types of germs. The best and most proven method is still soap and water.
Of course, first of all, we are responsible for our health and safety, but let’s not forget to protect all the people around us, in the way we would like them to also protect us.