How To Install Ubuntu On Windows 10
Ubuntu is an open source operating system (OS) based on the Linux Debian distribution. Ubuntu is prized, in particular, for its secure system, user-friendly interface, and low system requirements. If you have wanted to try this OS for a long time, but you already have Windows, read our article – Here we will tell you how to install Ubuntu on Windows 10 in dual boot mode. You can also follow the same steps to install Xubuntu or Linux Mint on Windows 10 or even Windows 8.
Preparing for installation
If you are going to install Ubuntu, first make sure that you have several NTFS partitions on your computer (one of them is occupied by Windows). If this is not the case, you will need to free up space on your hard drive. This can be done using the Windows command line .
- Log in to Windows with an administrator account.
- Right-click the Start menu , then select Command Prompt and Run as administrator .
- Enter the command diskmgmt.msc to open the Disk Management utility.
- Right click on the C: drive .
- Select Reduce Volume .
- In the Enter the amount of space to compress in MB field, we recommend that you select at least 20,000 MB / 20 GB . Then click Compress .
- This will create unallocated space on the hard disk. Reboot your computer .
Create Live Disk / USB
Now you need to select your Ubuntu version . Then download the desktop image and burn it to disk. You can also create a bootable USB stick using special software. Universal USB Installer is one of the most famous programs for this.
Boot from Live Disk / USB
Insert the disc into the drive or connect the USB to your computer. Then restart your computer. When the device boots up, press one of the following keys: F2, F10 or F12 – depending on the manufacturer’s specifications. The boot menu will open. You can now choose to boot from USB / Removable media.
READ MORE: How to install Android USB drivers
It may take a while to boot, but eventually the Ubuntu boot screen should appear with various options on it. Select Install Ubuntu and press Enter .
Now you can choose your language and installation – we recommend choosing the Typical installation . Confirm your choice by clicking Continue . Do not under any circumstances select Erase Disk and Install Ubuntu .
Next, you will need to prepare a new partition for Ubuntu – the first one already has Windows installed. When the Installation Type window appears , select Something Else
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If you have already prepared several partitions before, you will need to delete the NTFS or ext4 partition to free up space: this will delete all data from the selected partition – do not select the partition on which Windows is installed .
To do this, click on the selected section, and then on the ” – ” sign .
Root, Home, Swap
Now you need to create partitions for Root, Home and swap . To do this, select an empty seat and click on the + sign .
First, create a root partition (Root). Set the following settings:
- Determine the size at least 20,000 MB / 20 GB.
- Select Primary for the Type of the new partition.
- Select Start this space (Beginning of this space) as the “Layout» (the Location) for the new partition.
- Set the EXT4 journaling file system for the Use as section .
- Set mount point as / .
You can create swap space by following the same steps but setting Use as a swap area (Use as: swap area). The size should be twice the size of your RAM.
Now you need to create a home section (Home). Follow the same instructions as for Root, but allocate the rest of the free space for it (this is where you will download your files) and set the mount point: / home.
Click Install Now . If you did not choose to create a swap partition, ignore the pop-up warning and click Continue . Accept the changes.
When all this is done, choose a location (closest city), username, and set a strong password . Click Continue .
At the end of the installation, you should restart your computer to complete the process completely.
The next time you turn on your computer, you will have a choice between booting Ubuntu or Windows. Since Ubuntu is installed by default, it will start automatically unless you make another choice within 10 seconds.